The winter of 1974-1975 around Lake Baikal was exceptionally warm. In the meantime the Soviet “construction project of the century,” the Baikal Amur Mainline or BAM, was in full swing. Desperately needed construction materials could not be delivered to the BAM as there was not enough ice on Lake Baikal to construct the annual ice road. To keep the supplies flowing, the Soviets decided to build a road east of the lake, stretching 160 km from Ust Barguzin to Uoyan. Work was carried out at a fierce pace, day and night, in the brutal winter conditions of Siberia. The temporary road was completed on February 1 in 1975, and immediately put to good use. Up to 80 lorries rode up the new road daily, transporting much needed building materials to the BAM construction.
The BAM was eventually finished along with the BAM Road, and the temporary road became redundant. It was used as a winter road for a while, but nothing manmade lasts long in Siberia, unless it’s maintained. The road fell into decay. Bridges rotted, water washed away gravel and unearthed boulders. It could not be used for traffic any longer, but became a mighty test for off-road enthusiasts. It was christened “The 110” or “Zimnik 110” in accordance with the last surviving kilometre post on the road.